Type I versus Type II Diabetes


Comparison, Contrast and, the Treatment

Type I and Type II diabetes are two of the three main types of diabetes. Type I diabetes, also referred to as juvenile diabetes, develops commonly in young people. In contrast, Type II diabetes also called the adult-onset diabetes is prevalent in middle-aged and older adults. Type 1 diabetes come about when the immune system destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that release insulin, resulting in the elimination of the insulin manufacture from the body. The lack of insulin makes it impossible for cells to absorb glucose; which they need for production of energy (Stehouwer & Schaper, 2009). Differently, in type II diabetes, the body is unable to utilize the available insulin right away, developing a condition called insulin resistance. As the condition worsens, the pancreas releases less and less insulin; a condition termed as insulin deficiency.

In comparison, most of the symptoms of diabetes are similar. Increased thirst, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision and frequent hunger, are common to both types of diabetes. Different, though, type two diabetes is associated with frequent infections, slow healing wounds and asymptomatic, which are less common in type I (Stehouwer & Schaper, 2009). There is no cure for either type diabetes.

In contrast, type I diabetes cannot be prevented as it develops while one is a child, while type II is preventable through exercise, maintaining weight and living a healthy lifestyle (Opara, 2006). In addition to that, the episodes of hypoglycemia are common in low blood in type one diabetes while very rare in type II diabetes.

The medical approach: Type I diabetes is managed and treated through insulin injections, and rarely through oral medication. On the other hand, type two diabetes is mostly controlled through oral medication, to maintain the insulin level in the body (Opara, 2006).


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